The Bishops in Canada/Les évêques au Canada


-Archbishop of Ottawa and Canada, IRÉNÉE, 2014

-Retired Archbishop of Ottawa and Canada, SERAPHIM, 1987

-Archbishop of Detroit and the Romanian Episcopate, NATHANIEL, 1980

-Retired Archbishop of Ottawa, LAZAR, 1990

-Retired Bishop of Vancouver, VARLAAM, 1994


-Metropolitan of Toronto, SOTIRIOS, 1974 (GOC-EP)

-Archbishop of Winnipeg, Metropolitan YURIJ, 1989 (UOCC-EP)

-Bishop of Andida, CHRISTOPHOROS, 1999 (GOC-EP)

-Bishop of Philomelion, ILIA, 2002 (EP/Albanian)

-Bishop of Edmonton, ILARION, 2005 (UOCC-EP)

-Bishop of Saskatoon, ANDRII, 2005 (UOCC-EP)

-Bishop of Ottawa, Eastern Canada & Upper New York State, ALEXANDER, 2004 (AOC)

-Archbishop of Montréal and Canada, GABRIEL, 1996 (ROCOR-MP)

-Bishop of Kashira, and Administrator of Canadian Moscow Patriarchate Parishes, JOB, 1997 (MP)

-Bishop of Canada, GEORGIJE, 1984 (SOC)

-Archbishop of North America, NICOLAE, 2002 (ROA)

-Bishop of Vicina, JOHN-CASSIAN, 2006 (ROA)

-Retired Archbishop of Winnipeg, Metropolitan JOHN, 1983 (UOCC)


Kenneth William Storheim was born in Edmonton, Alberta on 25 January, 1946, one of 4 children of Norwegian and Scottish parents. His father was Lutheran; his mother was Presbyterian; and he was raised in the Lutheran Church, in a congregation founded by Norwegian immigrants early in the 20th century. After completing primary and secondary education in Edmonton, he entered the University of Alberta Faculty of Arts, from which he received a B.A. degree (with a major in music) in 1968. By this time, he had entered the Anglican Church of Canada. He then attended the Anglican Theological College of British Columbia in Vancouver. This college was situated on the campus of the University of British Columbia. He graduated in 1971 with the S.T.B. degree ("Bachelor of Sacred Theology", now called a Master of Divinity) from the Vancouver School of Theology (the result of a merger, during his last year, of the Anglican and United Church Theological Colleges at UBC). He was ordained as deacon and priest in the Anglican Church, and he served for 6 years in the Edmonton diocese.

In August, 1978, he was received into the Orthodox Church in the Mission Parish of Saint Herman of Alaska (The Orthodox Church in America), and he was given the name Seraphim (after Saint Seraphim of Sarov), by which he was already popularly known, and by which he became legally known thereafter. In September, 1978, under the direction of the Holy Synod of Bishops of the OCA (because he was a newly-received former heterodox clergyman), Seraphim entered Saint Vladimir's Orthodox Theological Seminary in Crestwood, New York. On 28 October, 1979, at an Archdiocesan Assembly, Seraphim Storheim was ordained to the Holy Diaconate by Archbishop Sylvester (Haruns) at Holy Trinity Church in Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, at the conclusion of a diocesan assembly. On 21 November, 1979, Deacon Seraphim Storheim was ordained to the Holy Priesthood by Metropolitan Theodosius (Lazor) at Saint Vladimir's Seminary in Crestwood, New York. In 1981, the Priest Seraphim Storheim graduated from the seminary with the Master of Theology degree.

During his years at Saint Vladimir's, the Priest Seraphim spent most of one year (1980-1981) in Finland, at the New Valamo Monastery in Heinevesi County. There, it was his prime obedience to serve the majority of the daily services, and besides this to sing in the choir, and to guide some groups of anglophonic tourists around the monastery buildings. This interval came at the invitation of Archbishop Paul (Olmari) of Kuopio and Finland. On his return from Finland, and after graduating, Father Seraphim returned to Canada, to do missionary work in Alberta. Afterwards, he was sent on obedience to work 1 year each in missionary projects in North Carolina in the USA, and in Ontario. For the missionary work in the USA, he served in the Diocese of the South in an "on loan" status. For the missionary work in Ontario, he served in the Antiochian Archdiocese in an "on loan" status.

In 1984, the Priest Seraphim Storheim was then assigned to be the Rector of Holy Trinity Sobor in Winnipeg, Manitoba. In 1987, the Priest Seraphim Storheim was nominated by the Archdiocesan Council of the Archdiocese of Canada to become the Vicar-Bishop to Metropolitan Theodosius (Lazor), who was at that time serving as locum tenens of the Archdiocese of Canada.

At the Spring Session of the Holy Synod of Bishops in March, 1987, the Priest Seraphim Storheim was chosen and elected by the Holy Synod of bishops to become a bishop.

In April, 1987, the Priest Seraphim Storheim was tonsured to be a monk by Archbishop Herman (Swaiko) at Saint Tikhon's Monastery in South Canaan, Pennsylvania, and he was given the name Seraphim in honour of the New-Hieromartyr Seraphim, Archbishop of Phanarion and Neochorion (1601), in Thessaly, Greece.

On 12 June, 1987, at Saint Herman's Church in Edmonton, Alberta, the Hieromonk Seraphim (Storheim) was elevated to the dignity of archimandrite. On 13 June, 1987, Archimandrite Seraphim (Storheim) was ordained to the Holy Episcopate by Metropolitan Theodosius (Lazor), Archbishop Nathaniel (Popp), and Bishop Boris (Geza). He was assigned to be the Bishop of Edmonton, and Vicar-Bishop to Metropolitan Theodosius (Lazor) in Canada.

Bishop Seraphim (Storheim) was immediately transferred and assigned to be the Rector of the parish of Saint Nicholas in the city of Ottawa, where he began his service as a bishop, and where at the same time he served as the part-time pastor of the parish. At the beginning, for over a year, he lived in a small attic apartment in the home of a parishioner, until such a time as a satisfactory place might be found (within very limited financial resources) which could serve as a residence for the bishop, and also an office for the diocese. Metropolitan Theodosius (Lazor) had directed that such a place be found so that the diocesan administration could be both distinct from and independent of the cathedral parish. In September, 1988, the Archdiocese of Canada purchased a century-old farm-house together with about 20 hectares of land some distance south of Ottawa. It was the only available property at the time which was both affordable for the archdiocese, and which afforded flexibility in the future usage and development of the facilities.

In October, 1988, Bishop Seraphim (Storheim) was assigned by the Holy Synod to be the Administrator of the Archdiocese.

Throughout the course of all his life, Bishop Seraphim (Storheim) had been positively influenced by the example of Christ-loving pastors, some of whom were bishops. In the course of his pastoral experience, he followed very much the example of the bishops who preceded him in Canada, beginning with Saint Tikhon (Belavin). Saint Tikhon, as did most other bishops who followed after him, usually stayed in the homes of clergy and parishioners. In one well-known case, he cared for the children of a farming family in Alberta while the parents were working the land. The pattern set for the others to follow was that of a father/grandfather who knows the spiritual sheep personally and by name, with whom he has a relationship of selfless love, and whom he tries to lead and support into the Kingdom of Heaven. Significant pastoral personalities who followed Saint Tikhon were Archbishop Arseny (Chahovtsov), Bishop Anthony (Tereshchenko), Archbishop Sylvester (Haruns) and Bishop Joasaph (Antoniuk). These, other bishops, and many Christ-loving and Christ-serving priests and deacons contributed to his personal pastoral formation. Therefore, beginning in 1987, Bishop Seraphim (Storheim) began an unending series of pastoral visits throughout the diocese. The work of visitation extended beyond the limits of the archdiocese and country of Canada in that every time he went to attend a meeting in the offices of the central administration in New York, he also paid a visit to Canadian and other students attending Saint Vladimir's Seminary, and sometimes also to Saint Tikhon's Seminary.

During the summer of 1990, in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, the triennial Archdiocesan Assembly nominated Bishop Seraphim (Storheim) to become the diocesan bishop. On 15 October, 1990, at the October Session of the Holy Synod of Bishops, Bishop Seraphim (Storheim) was chosen and elected to be the Bishop of Ottawa and Canada. The see city of Ottawa was created, so as not to establish a bishop in a city in which there already was a bishop (at that time there was no other Bishop of Ottawa). This city is also the civil capital of the country. On 28 October, 1990, in Ottawa, Ontario, Bishop Seraphim (Storheim) was enthroned by Metropolitan Theodosius (Lazor) to be Bishop of Ottawa and Canada.

Soon afterwards, he was assigned by Metropolitan Theodosius and the Holy Synod to succeed Archbishop Dmitry (Royster) as the Secretary of the Holy Synod. He continued in this service for 19 years. As secretary of the Holy Synod of the OCA, Bishop Seraphim was assigned to serve in a number of related administrative capacities for the Holy Synod, and he was assigned to lead several committees. One of these was the Holy Synod's Theological Education Commission. It examined the curricula and status of the seminaries and other educational provisions, and produced a report for the Holy Synod. He represented the OCA for the Holy Synod in some capacities in the Standing Commission of Orthodox Bishops in the Americas (SCOBA). In 1992, as a part of the OCA's service in the SCOBA, Bishop Seraphim (Storheim) was assigned to assist Archbishop Peter (l'Huillier) of New York in the dialogue between Roman Catholic and Orthodox Bishops.

In 1992, Bishop Seraphim blessed the establishment of a Domestic Chapel of Saint Silouan the Athonite in the Diocesan Centre. Although there was not yet a distinct structure, a part of a room was reserved for this purpose. In 1992, in connexion with the chapel, Bishop Seraphim blessed the establishment of an informal monastic community, the "Monastic Community of Saint Silouan the Athonite", which would serve as a spiritual home for the various anglophonic monastics living in solitude across the country.

By 1993, enough resources had been gathered by the Diocesan Council and the Metamorphosis Fund (organised by John Hadjinicolaou of Montreal), to make possible a renovation to part of the residence. This renovation had 2 phases. First, the kitchen area was modernised. After this, the adjoining garage was transformed and extended in order to become a functioning office for the Archdiocese. Most of this work was completed before the beginning of winter.

In 1995, Bishop Seraphim was appointed to the Holy Synod's Board of Theological Education.

By the beginning of 1997, the Archdiocesan Council and the Metamorphosis Fund had accumulated enough funds to begin the second phase of the metamorphosis, the work on the construction of a domestic chapel for the bishop's residence. This chapel was primarily intended to serve diocesan needs. However, it was expected also to provide a focus for the male and female monks of the diocese, and as well to provide a means of serving Orthodox Christians living along the Saint Lawrence River Valley, on both the Canadian and American sides of the river. In those days, even before the completion of the Chapel of Saint Silouan the Athonite, the bishop would serve the Divine Liturgy in the dining-room of the residence. This would occur on Saturday mornings and on other feast days when he was able to be present. Sundays were not available because of the need to serve in parishes. By the end of 1998, the chapel had been completed, and services began to be offered there. The completion of the chapel enabled also the provision of a suitable principal entrance foyer for the residence, which could serve also as a narthex for the chapel. The greater amount of the construction work was achieved through the voluntary labours of local young people.

In 2000, Bishop Seraphim was appointed to the Department of External Church Relations of the OCA, to assist Archbishop Peter (L'Huillier). Later, Archbishop Seraphim was appointed to participate more regularly in the meetings of the Lesser Synod. After the retirement and repose of Archbishop Peter (l'Huillier) in 2005, Bishop Seraphim was assigned to chair the Department of External Church Relations of the OCA.

Bishop Seraphim (Storheim) was elevated to the dignity of archbishop at the Spring 2007 meeting of the OCA's Holy Synod.

In 2007, after the repose of Archbishop Kyrill (Yonchev), Archbishop Seraphim was assigned to be the chair of the Board of Theological Education. As one of his obediences, he travelled extensively at home and abroad, in Russia, Ukraine, the Middle East and Europe, as he accompanied the metropolitan on official visits, or as he travelled to represent the metropolitan and the Holy Synod. Included in this obedience was his participation in various meetings, services and celebrations. Archbishop Seraphim also was an active participant in the annual meeting of the Canadian Council of Orthodox Bishops.

As a bishop and as an archbishop, beginning in 1994, he made many personal pilgrimages to Ukraine, Russia, Romania, and other countries. On almost all of these, he was accompanied by many clergy and lay-pilgrims. Such pilgrimages would occur approximately biennially.

From the autumn of 1988, Archbishop Seraphim's residence was about an hour's drive south of Ottawa, near Johnstown, at what was formerly the Archdiocesan Centre, called "Fair Haven." It was from here that he would often travel by air, rail and/or auto to visit the many and far-flung communities of the archdiocese, or to attend meetings in the USA. The administration was developed from this site. It was there that a filing-system for the central office was established, and it was there that a proper organisation of the archives was established and refined. All this was accomplished with considerable help from local volunteers.

On 4 September, 2008, following the retirement of Metropolitan Herman due to ill health (and pending back surgery), the Holy Synod of the OCA assigned Archbishop Seraphim to be the Administrator of the Metropolitan's See, and to assist Archbishop Dmitri (Royster), who had been assigned to serve as the Locum Tenens of the Metropolitan's See and of The Orthodox Church in America. This responsibility ended with the election of Metropolitan Jonah (Paffhausen) in November of that same year.

In 2009, at the nomination of the Archbishop and the Archdiocesan Council, Igumen Irenee (Rochon) was chosen by the Holy Synod of Bishops to become the Vicar-Bishop of the Archdiocese of Canada. On 1 October, 2009, Bishop Irenee (Rochon) was ordained to the Holy Episcopate at the Annunciation to the Theotokos-Saint Nicholas Cathedral in Ottawa. He was given the title Bishop of Quebec City.

Also, during 2009, in the context of the re-organisation of the Central Administration of the OCA, Archbishop Seraphim (Storheim) was released from his responsibilities as the Secretary of the Holy Synod, from the chairmanship of the Department of External Church Relations, and from several other related responsibilities as well.

On 3 October, 2010, Archbishop Seraphim (Storheim) was given a leave of absence. With the blessing of the Holy Synod of Bishops, Bishop Irenee (Rochon) became the administrator of the archdiocese, effective the same day. In early 2010, the Archdiocesan Office was moved to the city of Ottawa, at first into rooms in the former presbytery adjoining the Cathedral of the Annunciation-Saint Nicholas. In 2012, the office was again transferred to the newly-purchased and renovated neighbouring house which was to become the new Archdiocesan Centre.

In November, 2010, Archbishop Seraphim (Storheim) was suspended by the Holy Synod of Bishops from all episcopal functions pending the legal resolution of accusations brought against him.

During the following several years, Archbishop Seraphim undertook a few projects of writing at the request of parishioners in the Archdiocese of Canada. At the same time, he finally began to fulfill his obedience to Archbishop Dimitri of Dallas of blessed memory who had in the past repeatedly insisted that he write. The projects have dealt mostly with the reworking of reports, articles and homilies which needed editing. However, the main project was the writing of a book which will appear in print, "The Bishop in the Church". This work, not brief, presents the bishop's perception of the nature of the service of a bishop, based on his personal experience and his observation of the lives and service of other bishops. There is frequent reference to the Scriptures and to the Fathers. In the first part in particular, the bishop shares some specific personal experiences of bishops and other persons who influenced him in the course of his life. Many people came forward with ideas, suggestions and contributions to assist him in the editing of this work.

In June, 2013, in Winnipeg, Manitoba, a trial began in the Court of Queen's Bench of Manitoba. On 24 January, 2014, Mr Justice Christopher Mainella pronounced his verdict that he believed that Archbishop Seraphim was guilty of one count of sexual assault in 1985. On 14 February, 2014, the Holy Synod of Bishops increased the restrictions on Archbishop Seraphim by confining him ecclesiastically to the Monastery of Saint Silouan in Johnstown, Ontario, and in that place alone to attend Divine Services. He was barred from attending any parish services.

On 21 March, 2014, the Holy Synod of Bishops decided that, effective 23 March, 2014, Archbishop Seraphim (Storheim) would be retired, and that the See of Ottawa and Canada declared vacant. The previous restrictions on Archbishop Seraphim remained in effect, although provision was made for him to receive the Holy Mysteries when visiting his family.

On 9 July, 2014, Mr Justice Christopher J Mainella sentenced Archbishop Seraphim (Storheim) to 8 months in prison.

On 18 July, 2014, Mme Justice Diana M Cameron released Archbishop Seraphim (Storheim) on bail with the same conditions as pertained previously, and she accepted the petition to appeal both the sentence and the verdict of Mr Justice Mainella. On 31 October, 2014, Mr Justice Alan MacInnes and two other justices of the Manitoba Court of Appeal heard the arguments of Mr Jeffrey Gindin on behalf of the defence in appealing both the conviction and the sentence. There was a motion also to add fresh evidence. At the end of the hearing, the justices announced that they would reserve their decision. As usual, no date was given.

On 5 February, 2015, Mme Justice Diana M Cameron read a brief summary of the decision of the Manitoba Court of Appeal. The decision reads that the three judges who heard the appeal stated that they were not convinced that the trial judge, Christopher Mainella (who is now a member of the Court of Appeal) made a mistake when he decided that Archbishop Seraphim’s evidence was not believable. The new evidence offered was refused because they did not accept its importance. The judges rejected the appeal in all its elements. Archbishop Seraphim was immediately sent to complete his sentence.

On 7 July, 2015, Archbishop Seraphim was released from the provincial gaol, in compliance with the Statutory Earned (early) Release. Upon his release, the previous conditions and restrictions that had accompanied the release on bail were cancelled. There were, thus, no conditions or restrictions remaining.

- Vicar-Bishop of Edmonton 1987-1990. Preceded by: Bishop Joasaph (Antoniuk). Succeeded by: .

- Administrator of the Archdiocese of Canada 1988-1990. Preceded by: Metropolitan Theodosius (Lazor). Succeeded by: Bishop Irénée (Rochon).

- Bishop of Ottawa and Canada 1990-2007. Preceded by: The see was created. Succeeded by: Bishop Irénée (Rochon).

- Archbishop of Ottawa and Canada 2007-2014. Succeeded by: Archbishop Irénée (Rochon).

All who love and support Archbishop Seraphim are saddened and continue to pray for him and believe in his innocence. Archbishop Seraphim remains innocent and faithful to God. Further information can be found at: